‘Fancy’ yarns are those that are made and designed specifically for aesthetic purposes instead of performance. They come in different types, differentiated by color and texture. A special yarn twisting machine is required to manufacture them. Specific textile manufacturing equipment can be used to achieve a particular weaving for purposes like dress material, shirting, suiting, furnishing fabrics, woolen tweeds, and upholstery.
In broader terms, fancy yarn pertains to any type of yarn that contains deliberate variations in color or form, or both. ‘Deliberate’ because the yarns are crafted from staple fibers using the yarn twisting machine and variations are inherently present due to imperfect spinning systems or the fiber material’s non-uniformity. Those variations must be minimized in ‘regular’ yarns to ensure uniformity, abrasion resistance, and strength. However, those variations are deliberately done when producing fancy yarns, enhancing their aesthetics.
Fancy yarns classified
There are many different types of fancy yarns that can be produced using a yarn twisting machine. However, they are typically divided into two broad categories: fiber effect and yarn effect. Fiber effect refers to yarn formed by combining multiple (at least two) yarns after making individual yarns. Both categories can be combined to create a more complex design or effect on the fabric.
These yarns have different sizes of fiber lumps along the length of the yarn. They are further classified into different types, depending on the size of the lumps.
Also known as ply effects, these can be made using a traditional yarn twisting machine but with the addition of feeding and control devices. They are further classified into the following:
Need advice on the best equipment for fancy yarn manufacturing? Talk to us here at Symtech. We have a large selection of yarn twisting machines and other textile manufacturing equipment and are happy to answer your questions.